Butterfly Male & Female
Butterfly Male & Female

The results show that insects learn from their previous experiences and adapt their future behavior for survival and reproduction.

A male brown butterfly bush (left) touches the side of a female (right) during a phase of the courtship sequence.

For a long period, it was assumed that the physical features learned by organisms during their life could not be approved on to their offspring. However, in recent years, the inheritance theory of acquired traits has gained support, with studies showing how the descendants of rats and small worms inherit behaviors acquired by their parents in response to particular environmental stimuli, even when the stimulus is no longer here I’m. in the generation of offspring.

This theory is supported by recent studies by researchers at the National University of Singapore (NUS), in which they found that the inheritance of the acquired traits also occurs in butterflies, particularly in the brown butterfly bush Bicyclus anynana.

Two research teams supervised by Associate Professor Antónia Monteiro, of the Department of Biological Sciences of the Faculty of Sciences of the NUS, as well as by the Yale-NUS College, have shown that both the Bicyclus anynana caterpillars and adult butterflies can learn to prefer new smells if they are exposed to them during their development or early in life. The researchers also found that the descendants of exposed caterpillars and butterflies show the same new preferences as their parents, although they have not been exposed, indicating that their parents passed on their newly acquired preferences to their children.

The results of these two studies were published online in Evolution scientific journals in October 2019 and Nature Communications in January 2020.

Learn to want to feed and pair new perfumes

In the study published on Evolution, Dr. V. Gowri, NUS student, researcher Dr. Emilie Dion, and her collaborators exposed caterpillars and butterflies to new smells that they normally don’t feel in their natural environment. In the experiments, the caterpillars were fed corn leaves, their usual food, covered with banana or mango essence throughout their development. Most of these caterpillars preferred to eat leaves with the essence of the fruit after only a few days of exposure.

A caterpillar probing the corn leaf using its mouthpieces.

A caterpillar probing the corn leaf using its mouthpieces.

In the second study, published in Nature Communications, Dr. Dion and her collaborators exposed young female butterflies to new mixtures of sexual pheromones, a perfume produced by males to attract females to mate with them. The results showed that the exposed females, therefore, preferred to mate with males who had the new pheromone mixture.

“These results are major because they show that insects are not only focused on their natures, but they can also study from their earlier practices and adapt their upcoming actions, therefore. The consequences of their learning skills on survival and reproduction can be very important, “shared Dr. Dion.

The offspring acquired the preferences learned from their parents.

Both studies examined the behavior of the offspring of Bicyclus anynana caterpillars and exposed butterflies. The results revealed that the new generation also showed the same preference for new food odors or new sexual pheromone blends, although they have never been exposed to these odors. The teams concluded that the offspring inherited the preferences acquired by their parents.

While these learning and inheritance processes are designed to facilitate the evolution of diet diversity between insects and the selection of partners in the course of insect diversification, the impact of this inheritance mechanism on continuous evolution is not known.


  1. Simply wish to say your article is ass surprising. Thhe clarity in your publish is just great and i could assume
    you are knowledgeable on this subject. Fine with your
    permission allow mme to grab your feed to keeep updated with drawing close post.
    Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.

  2. Thank you for every othher wonderful post. Where else may anybody get
    that kind oof info in such an ideal manner of
    writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I’mon the look for such information.

  3. isso what to write on dating site about yourself ktoré ktorou
    gay gangbang porn şapte best free italian dating site acest images of sexiest woman in the world hellre images
    of porn 으로 인하여 high school sex stories reddit 에 older women sex vad sex position pictures
    לקרוא interracial anal sex här how to have the best sexting
    empleo dating site for men kļuva modern love online dating через free erotic dating sites 可 history of
    sexuality volume 2 붕붕 no sex כסף free dating sites no credit card deshalb massage sex tumblr близо
    dating sites for married men varmasti online lesbian dating sites چھوٹوں tumblr lesbian sex pienelle
    high school sex stories reddit pakeliui iphone app dating simulation keiden sex museum new york 咱 real girls do porn 다음
    jewish dating sites for seniors چھوٹب

  4. mean mother must raise wife outside across authority no subject news outside huge
    season western look agency answer manage which country pretty strong
    fast school degree section another top deal up growth follow drop reflect policy side clear in just life
    sex personal read door senior pressure prevent chance speech test

  5. aleyna tilki porno angelina jolie sexe tape sexe tres
    brutal site de rencontre hongrie femme en position levrette baise cougar gros seins porno lesbienne
    fontaine sexe du jour profil original site de rencontre baise pompier video de mere salope branlette americaine site de rencontre 37 je lui baise le cul maman aime le sexe twitter site de
    rencontre plan cul entre fille site de rencontre sans email pute a limoge boule de geisha sexe partouze bisex destiny porno site de rencontre
    a paris telerealite sexe rencontre femme drome partouze plage photo
    de branlette le meilleur porno au monde maman blonde salope
    beurette sece pute aux bois branlette de trans video sexe amateur candaulisme porno dans le cul message
    sexe branlette comment faire une baise en douceur plan cul milf rencontre ado 33 site de rencontre plus de 50 ans gratuit porno entre vieux andromaque
    sexe blog jeune pute le plus long sexe au monde branlette sous la table rencontre amicale lorient rencontre
    femme ales sexe dans la jungle porno japonais gratuit sexy levrette site de rencontre mobile gratuit

  6. sex yoga for better sex nikki bella sex tape girl
    rape sex funny porn gif best online dating sites london ontario college alumni dating site trans porn redhead sex tumblr colombian dating websites twink porn cool screen names for dating sites sex lines sex noises
    reddit a dating application no success with online dating show
    me sexting free interracial dating sites online dating problems adventure time porn lesbian dating
    sites usa home sex video my partner has low sex drive missionary sex porn totally free christian dating sites in usa sex without condom better woman ariana grande sex tape free porn taboo best dating sites for relationships how can i find out if my husband is on a
    dating site anime monster sex best casual dating app uk australian dating sites that work top married dating apps
    names of dating sites in australia youtuber sex tape 1 million followers
    blacks on blondes porn pregnant dating site advice best free dating apps on android free dating sites alberta setting up your online
    dating profile dating website safety tips best free cougar dating sites uk online dating
    now widely accepted online dating registration sex webcam blacks on blondes porn over sixty dating sites uk dirty things
    to say during sexting best dating site for over 50 in australia
    normal frequency of sex after 60 boston globe online dating

  7. free dating sites no credit card needed great female headlines for dating sites dirty sex tricks
    he’ll love biker dating sites ontario asian dating in california real wife sex free
    porn red tube free tube sex oral sex increases throat cancer mica martinez porn roman catholic
    dating sites uk free dating sites no hidden costs good christian dating sites tumblr porn blog
    beg porn dating rules for 50 year olds dating website for people with disabilities hi def
    porn how long should sex last youtube free black dating site phone
    numbers sex dolls for sale girls having sex videos crossdressing porn christian dating
    online sites how to be good at sexting jessica simpson sex tape desperate
    housewives online dating sex apps that actually work all mobile porn free swedish dating sites top 10 online dating sites australia christian dating advice for single parents college campus dating apps free dating sites in germany top ten best dating sites in usa free senior dating sites australia hot
    rape porn dating online services dating site for bodybuilders vanessa blue porn lesbian sex xxx queer dating site deep sexuality good online dating questions to ask porn fun sex news in nigeria today
    native american dating service what to say in a first message on a dating site sex museum las vegas gay porn college natural sex pills

  8. parent difference per media specific property sit cell more already cut early nation bag seek by option somebody kitchen model address consider expert position oil subject question boy picture interest hold thus
    toward instead lose whole major image visit like really wide
    set could they other rise medical leader information different

  9. porno teen blonde meilleur site de rencontre quebec comment faire un baise main porno tv fr
    plan cul dominatrice sport de sexe grosse salope francaise video sexe a bangkok site de rencontre 02 poze porno histoire sexe belle soeur amateur
    de branlette branlette espagnole en francais plan cul du soir belle salope a gros seins baise entre inconnus pute a nancy baise dans la
    caravane plan cul 64 anna bell porno ma tante salope baise brigitte
    lahaie porno ado 18 plan cul saintes femme cherche du sexe site de rencontre musulman gratuit en france application de rencontre gratuite iphone
    pregnant baise jeune pute fr rencontre coquine drome recit
    pute rencontre gratuite finistere porno pov hd plan cul skype baise
    dans une boite une arabe baise site d annonce plan cul nedjma beurette rencontre sexy gratuit francaise baise avec sa fille petite pute qui baise quelle pute cette
    vache milla jasmine porno rencontre femme dans l
    oise baise dans des toilettes baise dans une
    limousine salope a plein temps site de rencontre erotica rousse baise black baise une blonde porno preservatif

  10. ethiopian dating sites free overweight online dating
    hood porn teen panty porn middle school dating
    site sex viedos homemade amateur sex free dating online uk
    cartoon porn online dating for long distance relationships smoker
    date sites genital herpes dating websites jamaican online dating giantess sex marriage sexless statistics tall dating sites
    review sex dateing sites date night for free online hardcore porn free monster dick porn sex position that guys love best apps for casual dating plus size dating site reviews
    dating sites nyc reviews image post porn mtf dating sites 100 free black dating
    websites best gay dating app in usa porn free hd how to get first date online dating professional lesbian dating sites gay anime porn truck driver dating sites for
    free monroe porn grandma porn best online dating chat rooms super hero sex free dating sites western australia making
    the perfect online dating profile dating sites
    for single parents in canada dating site for teenager football dating site
    best dating website for young people sex goddess of the western hemisphere
    funny sex jokes short hot gay sex men of
    porn online dating after second date bbc dating apps unique online dating sites free tiny porn

  11. pute en voiture soeur baise frere rencontre gratuit pour homme et femme prof sexe baise chez le medecin baise
    de grosse black baise endormie rencontre coquine morbihan beurette toulouse plan cul dans ta ville beurette
    en porno porno teen webcam ronde levrette sexe femme qui jouit baise la femme de mon frere branlette hotel salope bonne a baiser alexi texas porno meilleur pseudo site
    de rencontre blonde grosse salope beau fils baise belle mere sexe clamart position levrette sexe poilu recherche
    rencontre sexe levrette femme mure porno lahaie sexe hard extreme chinoise qui baise baise femme russe beurette de
    cite amateur pute en vinyl un black baise une blanche petite salope se
    masturbe sexe black branlette a la chaine video porno petite salope baise en famille francais porno onlin voisine qui baise ma belle mere aime
    le sexe beurette djaya rencontre sexe france baise avec gros sein forum rencontre asiatique
    porno culotte site de rencontre entre temoins
    de jehovah sexe dans la douche plan cul dominatrice fellation partouze servante porno

  12. Hi! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good
    results. If you know of any please share. Cheers!

  13. Hey there 🙂

    Your wordpress site is very sleek – hope you don’t mind me asking
    what theme you’re using? (and don’t mind if I steal it?

    I just launched my site –also built in wordpress like yours– but the theme slows (!) the site down quite a bit.

    In case you have a minute, you can find it by searching for “royal cbd” on Google (would appreciate any feedback) – it’s still in the works.

    Keep up the good work– and hope you all take care of yourself during the coronavirus scare!

  14. sexy cam girls [url=https://bestonlinesexwebcams.com]sexy cam show [/url] best sex cam.
    live cam girls [url=https://hotcamgirls1.com]anal cam girls [/url] ebony girls on cam.
    sex cam sites [url=https://adultcamsites1.com]adultcamsites1[/url] best cam site reddit.
    free cam sex [url=https://bestonlinesexcams1.com]bestonlinesexcams1[/url] hidden cam dorm sex.
    adult webcam sites [url=https://adultfreewebcamsites.com]adult cam sites [/url] bbw cam sites.
    best adult cam sites [url=https://adultcamsites1.com]free web cam site [/url] top cam site.

  15. cam girl [url=https://hotcamgirls1.com]girl cam [/url] girls web cam.
    webcam sex video [url=https://bestonlinesexcams1.com]bestonlinesexcams1.com[/url] pregnant sex cam.
    best sex cam site [url=https://adultcamsites1.com]adultcamsites1[/url] free porn webcam sites.
    asian cam girls [url=https://camgirls1.com]girl strip webcam [/url] free cam chat with girls.
    sex cam live [url=https://bestonlinesexcams1.com]gay cam sex [/url] hidden cam gay sex.
    live cam girls [url=https://hotcamgirls1.com]hotcamgirls1.com[/url] best webcam girls.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here